Summer English Lesson XIII. Second conditional

Hi students,

As we said last lesson today we’re going to revise the Second conditional. So let’s get into work.

We use the second conditional to talk about imaginary or improbable situations in the present. The “If clause” talks about hypothetical or imaginary things. The “main clause” says the result in that situation.


                 IF CLAUSE                                     MAIN CLAUSE

If + subject + past simple,           subject + would/wouldn’t + infinitive

If I was late again,                              I would lose my job

If I ate insects,                                    I would be sick


The “if clause” can be first or second in the sentence. When we start with the “if clause” we use a comma after this clause. When we start with the “main clause” use don’t use a comma.

If I went to Dublin, I would visit the Trinity College.

I would visit the Trinity College if I went to Dublin.

We can use “If I were” instead of “If I was” (If I were a rich man, I would travel aroud the world)

We can use could + infinitive in the main clause to express ability (If I had a lot of money, I could buy a Porsche)

Well, that’s all by now. Next lesson is about zero conditional. DON’T MISS THE LESSON!!!

Bye. Juanjo.


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